HomeArticles Earth First It’s no longer a bone of contention: you can meet your calcium requirements on a plant-based diet! We examine the science behind the belief that you need to eat dairy to grow strong bones, debunking 5 popular myths in the process. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body. It’s required for muscle function, nerve signals, a healthy hormone secretion, and other crucial metabolic functions, but it’s best known for its role in keeping our bones strong and healthy. In fact, 99% of the body’s calcium is stored in the bones and teeth.1Plant Based CalciumDairy products like milk, yoghurt and cheese are rich in calcium, and so eating dairy has become associated with growing strong bones. But luckily for those looking to eat a plant-based diet, dairy isn’t the only source of calcium, and you don’t necessarily need dairy for a strong skeleton. Myth #1: Dairy is the only food rich in calciumWhile dairy products such as milk, cheese and yoghurt do contain lots of calcium per serving, they are not the only source of this important ‘bone mineral’. Even if you steer away from the dairy aisle you can still boost your calcium intake by eating:more dark leafy greens (such as broccoli, kale, and collard greens), seeds (e.g. sesame seeds), beans, seaweed and tofu Some brands of plant-based “milk” also contain extra added calcium, meaning simply switching out cows’ milk for a fortified plant-based milk alternative could give your diet the dose of calcium you’re looking for.2Check out these 4 surprising foods that have more calcium than milk.Myth #2: Calcium from cow’s milk is more easily absorbedActually, it’s not! When it comes to absorbing calcium, fortified plant “milks” (such as soy, almond or oat) are on a par with cow’s milk. Studies suggest that it doesn’t matter which of these milk alternatives you drink, so long as it contains calcium: our body absorbs calcium just as well from enriched soy milk as it does from cows’ milk, for example.3To make sure you get the most calcium from your plant-based “milk”, though, there is one trick you need to know. The calcium in such “milks” tends to settle to the bottom of the carton. This issue is easily solved by going James Bond on the box: give it a good shake before pouring and you’ll make sure that your glass contains a full dose of calcium.4Myth #3: Calcium is all you need to maintain healthy bonesGetting enough calcium is important for maintaining your bone health, but there’s a caveat: it’s not the only determinant. Experts recommend keeping up your Vitamin D, K and B12 levels too, and limiting your salt intake. Regular exercise is also really important to keep your bones healthy at any age, as it increases bone strength and density.5,6,7,8 Generally, focusing on a well-balanced diet is far more important than relying on specific foods to meet your nutritional needs. Myth #4: Children need cow’s milk to grow up big and strongMilk is often associated with helping children grow, but even though children need more calcium than adults they don’t necessarily need to consume dairy to meet their calcium needs. As explored above, there are plenty of plant-based sources where children can obtain the calcium they need to grow strong bones. Children should have 3-5 servings of calcium-rich foods to meet their increased requirements during growth.9 Recommended Calcium intakeThe European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) recommends a daily calcium intake of 900mg per day. Depending on age, children (4-17 years) are recommended to take in between 700 and 950mg of calcium on a daily basis.10 Some boards in Europe, such as the German association for nutrition, recommend a higher intake of calcium for pregnant and lactating women (1200-1300mg daily).11 Infants meet their calcium needs mostly through breastfeeding or formula.12 It’s important to note here that a plant-based diet should always be well-managed and balanced to ensure that the body meets all its nutritional needs. While a plant-based diet is certainly possible for all ages, it’s recommended to have proper dietary supervision from medical professionals especially for infants and growing children, as well as women who may be pregnant or breastfeeding.14,15,16 Calcium-rich foods to add to your plant-based menu1 Almond butter: 2 tbsp = 112 mg of calciumSeaweed: 100g = 600 - 900 mg of calciumTahini (sesame paste): 2 tbsp = 204 mg of calciumGreen beans (dry weight): 100g = 535 mg of calciumFortified plant milk alternative: 100 ml = 130 - 200 mg of calciumDid you believe any of these myths? Let us know in the comments below!